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Студенческий документ № 000007 из ДГТУ (бывш. РИСХМ)

ФЕДЕРАЛЬНОЕ АГЕНСТВО ПО ОБРАЗОВАНИЮ

ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОЕ ОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНОЕ УЧРЕЖДЕНИЕ ВЫСШЕГО ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНОГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ ДОНСКОЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ.

ПУТЕШЕСТВИЕ В СТРАНУ УСТНЫХ ТЕМ

Учебное пособие по английскому языку

Ростов-на-Дону 2010

Путешествие в страну устных тем: учеб.пособие по английскому языку/

Данное пособие нацелено на развитие навыков коммуникации и речевой компетенции

Печатается по решению редакционно-издательского совета Донского государственного технического университета

Научный редактор кандидат филологических наук, доцент Багдасарян Т.М., Загитова Е.

My Profession

Practise saying, translate and learn the vocabulary:

The humanitarian-social specialities

1 Psychology ;Psychologist

2 Advertising ;Expert in advertising

3 Commerce (trade business);Expert of commerce

4 Document-managing and document maintenance of management ; Document-manager

5 Engineering protection of environment ;Engineer-ecologist

Computer sciences

1 Computer safety ;Mathematician

2 Software and administration of information systems ; Mathematician-programmer

3 Automated systems of information processing and control ;Engineer

4 Software of computer facilities and automated systems ;Engineer

5 Information systems and technologies ;Engineer

6 Applied computer science (in management) ;Engineer

Speciality of economy and management

1 World economy ;Economist

2 Economy and management at the enterprise; Economist-manager

3 Management of organization; Manager

Machine-building specialities

1 Machines and technology of foundry manufacture ;Engineer

2 Machines and technology of metals processing by pressure ;Engineer

3 Equipment and technology of welding manufacture ;Engineer

4 Machines and technology of highly effective metal processing ;Engineer

5 Control and informatics in technical systems ;Engineer

6 Mechatronics ;Engineer

7 Robots and robotic systems ;Engineer

8 Agricultural machines and equipment ;Engineer

9 Technical service and maintenance of technological machines and equipment (motor transport); Engineer

10 Device-building ;Engineer

11 Metrology and metrological maintenance ;Engineer

12 Standardization and certification ;Engineer

13 Engineering business in medical and biological practice ;Engineer

14 Machines and devices of food manufactures ;Engineer

15 Technology of art processing of materials ;Engineer -technologist

16 Hydraulic machines, hydro-drives and hydro-automatics ;Engineer

17Technology of machine-building ;Engineer

18 Technology of air craft building ;Engineer

19 Metal-cutting machines and tools ;Engineer

20 Dynamics and durability of machines ;Engineer

21 Quality control ;Engineer-manager

22 Automation of technological process and manufactures (in machine-building); Engineer

Read and translate the text.

My Future Profession

When a person leaves a high school, he understands that the time to choose his future profession has come. It is very important to make a careful choice of future profession and a job at once. Leaving school is the beginning of independent life, the start of a more serious examination of a man's abilities and character. As a rule, it is difficult for many school leavers to give a definite and right answer straight away.

As for me, I'm a "would be" engineer - a great piece of luck! This year I have managed to cope with and passed entrance competitive exams and now I'm a "freshman" (a first year student) of Rostov State Technical University. It aims to give the students the top level education and to enable them to carry on scientific research. After completing a course of five years our Department graduates can continue their studies and research and defend their thesis to get a scientific degree.

I have always been interested in Maths, Physics and Chemistry. That is why I consider engineering as a career. To my mind it is a very challenging, intellectual, vital, rewarding, stimulating and responsible work. Of course, you really need a sense of responsibility to cope with this job. Sometimes it is tedious, stressful and unsecure and it can be a real challenge to your character, but if you are devoted to it and ready to take the responsibility, you will definitely enjoy gratitude and respect if you go in for engineering.

Of course, it is for the future to decide whether it would be a factory or plant, business employment or any other institute, but anyway I'm sure this job is my cup of tea.

Language work

1. Give the Russian equivalents for the following words and word combinations:

To make/ take a careful choice, to have no choice, to be interested in, to consider ... as a career, to take up a career/ a job, go in for ..., to be in/ out of one's line, to be one's cup of tea, rewarding/ stimulating work, to be devoted to smth., to be responsible for smth., to take/ accept responsibility, to have/ need a sense of responsibility, to cope with smth., to earn/ enjoy gratitude and respect, the most vital job, a rewarding job, a challenge to your character, the same routine, stimulating work, career, challenge, choice, job, profession, reliable, responsibility, responsible, vital, vocation.

3. Give the English equivalents for the following words and word combinations:

Быть преданным своей работе, интересоваться чем-то, справляться с чем-то, делать тщательный выбор, работать (не) по профессии, заслужить благодарность и уважение, жизненно необходимая работа, не иметь выбора, подумывать о профессии ..., быть чьим-то призванием, вызов характеру, надежный, ответственность, однообразие/ рутина, надежный, брать на себя ответственность, благодарная/ стимулирующая работа, быть ответственным за что-либо, иметь/ нуждаться в чувстве ответственности, карьера, призвание, работа, ответственный.

4. In pairs, comment on the benefits and drawbacks of the profession, you have chosen, using some of these adjectives.

absorbing secure high-profile vital solitary challenging sociable rewarding creative stressful conventional stimulating tedious predictable intellectual responsible

5. Below are conditions you want in an ideal profession. In pairs, list the conditions in order of importance.

Good pay

Stimulating work

Career opportunities

A comfortable workplace

Cheerful colleagues

Flexitime Generous holidays

Staff development (training courses, etc.)

6. Which of the jobs from Ex.1 :

1. might you be interested in? Why?

2. would you definitely not be interested? Why?

7. Complete the dialogue, using words and word combinations from Ex. 1, 4, and practise it with your partner:

A: Hi! How are you?

B: Fine. I haven't seen you for ages.

A: Yes, nearly the whole summer.

B: So, tell me about yourself.

A: Well, I finished school three months ago and now I study at DSTU.

B: Great! And what are you going to take up as a career?

A: ......... Actually, I've already started. I began my studies a week ago.

B: What are you going to be when you graduate?

A: I'm going to be a (an) .........

B: What made you decide to take up ............. as a career?

A: Well. I was interested in ........ at school and I think I have all necessary qualities and skills to cope with this job.

B: So you think it's your cup of tea.

A: Exactly. For me it's the most ..... and ..... work in the world!

8. Complete the sentences and use them as a plan for your future talk on the choice of your profession.

I am sure that it is difficult to choose the .................... .

At school I was interested in ............... so I considered ................ as my future career.

Now I'm in my first year at DSTU.

There are many specialities such as .................., ......................., ............... at our University. .

I've taken up ............................ as a career .

I'm going to be a (an) .................. when I graduate.

I like this profession because it's ......................, .................., ..................... ..

I think it's the most ...........and .................. profession in the world.

I think I have all necessary skills and qualities to ............... with it .

So I think it's really my ...................................... .

Canada Answer the following questions

Where is Canada situated?

How many people live in Canada?

What rivers in Canada do you know?

What do you know about the climate of the country?

What is the capital of Canada?

What is the second largest country in the world?

What is Canada bordered by?

What do you know about the system of power in Canada?

Who were the first people to live in Canada?

How did they come to Canada?

What countries took part in exploration of Canada?

When did Canada gain it's independence?

Is Canada a developed country now?

Where do most Canadians live?

Who is the head of state in Canada?

What are the official languages in Canada?

What is the main problem facing Canada today?

Read and translate the text, learn the italicized word combinations.

Canada is the second largest country in the world. Only Russia has a greater land area. Canada is situated in North America. The country is situated in North America. It is bordered in the north by the Arctic Ocean, in the east by the Atlantic Ocean, in the south by the United States and in the west by the Pacific Ocean and Alaska.

Canada is slightly larger than the United States, but has only about a tenth as many people. About 28 million people live in Canada. About 80% of the population live within 320 km of the southern border. Much of the rest of Canada is uninhabited or thinly populated because of severe natural conditions.

There are many rivers in Canada, and among them are the St. Lawrence, the Mackenzie, the Saskatchewan, the Columbia and the Yukon.

Climate, while generally temperate, varies from freezing winter cold to blistering summer heat. Canada's natural vegetation can be best described as falling into five areas: the boreal forest, the forests of the southeast and the southwest, the grasslands and the tundra.

Canada's history is an exciting story of development of a vast wilderness into a great nation. Most experts believe that the first people who lived on this land came from Asia about 15000 years ago. They came over a land bridge that once connected Asia and North America. Their descendants are known today as Indians. The ancestors of the Eskimos came to Alaska after them probably about 5000 years ago.

In 1497, John Cabot, an Italian navigator in the service of England, found rich fishing grounds off Canada's southeast coast. His discovery led to the European exploration of Canada. France set up a colony in eastern Canada in the early 1600's. Great Britain gained control of the country in 1763, and thousands of British emigrants came to Canada. In 1867, the French and English-speaking Canadians helped to create a united colony called the Dominion of Canada. Two groups worked together to settle the country and to develop its great mineral deposits and other natural resources.

Canada gained its independence from Britain in 1931. In the 20th century Canada became an industrial country with highly developed agriculture. Today Canada is a leading producer of wheat, oats, and barley.

Canada is a constitutional monarchy, an independent federal state and parliamentary democracy with two official languages and two systems of law: civil law and common law, a member of the Commonwealth.

Canada is a federation of 10 provinces and 2 territories. Canada is an independent nation. But according to the Constitution Act of 1982 British Monarch, Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom is recognized as Queen of Canada. This symbolizes the country's strong ties to Britain. English and French are both official languages, but 20% of the population speaks only French. Both English and French are official languages of the country. Native people - American Indians and Eskimos - make up about 2% of the country's population. 77% of Canada's people live in cities or towns. The largest cities are Ottawa, Montreal, Toronto, Vancouver, Edmonton, Calgary. Ottawa is the capital of the country.

Today, maintaining a sense of community is one of the major problems in Canada because of differences among the provinces and territories. 80% of Quebec's population are French Canadians. Many of them believe that their province should receive a special recognition in the Canadian constitution.

Practise saying and learn the vocabulary

land area - площадь

population - население

uninhabited - незаселенный

severe - суровый

federation - федерация

independent - независимый

British Monarch - английская королева

to recognize - признавать

ties - связи

Commonwealth - (Британское)Содружество

civil law - гражданское право

common law - общее право

ancestors - предки

Indians - индейцы

to make up - составлять

to maintain - сохранять

community - общность

recognition - признание

vast - обширный

wilderness - пустыня

land bridge - перешеек

Escimos - эскимосы

navigator - мореплаватель

fishing grounds - рыбные места

exploration - исследование

to set up - основать

Dominion of Canada - доминион Канада

mineral deposits - залежи полезных ископаемых

wheat - пшеница

oats - овес

barley - ячмень

Complete the sentences and use them as a plan for your future talk on the Canada

Canada is situated in North America. It is bordered_________________.

Canada is slightly larger than the United States, but _________________.

Climate, while generally temperate, varies from_________________.

Canada's natural vegetation can be best described as_________________.

Canada's history is an exciting story of development of a _________________.

In the 20th century Canada became an_________________.

Canada is a constitutional monarchy, an independent_________________.

Native people - American Indians_________________.

Both English and French are_________________.

The largest cities are_________________.

Today, one of the major problems in Canada is_________________.

CULTURE NOTE

Generally, Canadians are informal and polite in their conversations. The rules for casual politeness vary with the social situation, but a few basic suggestions may be helpful.

Canadians prefer to be on a first-name basis with acquaintances. However, a title (such as Mr., Mrs., Miss or Ms.) with a last name is used when a person is addressing an employer, a teacher, a client, an older person, or a stranger in formal situations. First-name basis is often suggested by the person with more authority ("Call me Bob"). In Canada, first names are used less frequently than in the United States, and more frequently than in Britain. Calling someone by a last name without a title, however, is more common in Britain than in North America, where it is considered too abrupt. Неге a last name alone can be used as a term of reference, not address. For example, we are more likely to say "Why don't you talk to Johnson about it?" than "I was wondering if you could help me with something, Johnson."

Calling a man "Sir," or a woman "Miss" or "Ma'am," is only done in certain circumstances. Salesclerks, waiters and others who serve the public will address customers in this way. These forms are also used to get someone's attention ("Excuse me, sir. You dropped your hat."). They are traditional terms of respect but are generally used less frequently today.

When introductions take place, shaking hands is customary, but much depends on the formality of the situation and individual preference. Handshakes are firm and brief. In conversations, Canadians generally do not touch each other as casually and frequently as people in other cultures do.

Canadians also prefer a greater distance between each other in conversation than that found in some other cultures. Here, a conversational distance of about one metre is quite acceptable. Any closer than this, and people may feel uncomfortable and uneasy. Of course, people who are intimate, such as close family members or lovers, will talk closer to one another.

Eye contact is another important factor in conversation. Looking away may be considered a sign of dishonesty, boredom or poor manners. On the other hand, staring, or looking too intently, may make a person feel uncomfortable.

In casual conversation, many Canadians also tend to avoid direct personal questions. Often such questions are phrased indirectly or vaguely (for instance, "Do you live around here?" instead of "Where do you live?").

Weather is probably one of the most popular topics for small talk among Canadians. After all, it's a neutral topic and, therefore, safe for conversation with people you do not know well. Canadian weather is so changeable, from season to season and from day to day, that there is always something that can be said about it. There are also many climatic differences among the various regions of Canada. When it is a mild, wet day in Vancouver, it can be -20 degrees and snowing in Manitoba.

Weather conditions have been shown to influence health and state of mind. For example, many Canadians suffer from the January or February "blahs," a feeling of mild depression. In fact, some people think that climate influences the personality of a people. A common stereotype is that people from northern climates are cold and unfriendly and that people from southern regions are hot-tempered and passionate.

Many people in the world think of Canada as simply a land of cold and snow; they are unprepared for the extremes of weather that Canadians experience. There are hot summers as well as cold winters. Many Canadians take pride in their ability to cope with adverse weather conditions.

Even so, Canadians grumble about the weather, especially the winter. Winter vacations in warm southern climates are popular, and many retired Canadians spend the winter in places like Florida and Arizona, largely for health reasons.

Welcome to DSTU.

Warm up Answer the following questions:

Why have you made up your mind to study at DSTU?

Who has encouraged you? Your school teacher or parents (friends)?

What was the most difficult exam in your entrance university examinations?

What is your favourite subject? Why do you like it?

Have you got any difficulties with study? Why?

I Read and translate the text, learn the italicized word combinations:

DSTU

Don State Technical University (DSTU) is the biggest dynamically developing centre of science, education and culture. During its activity the University has trained more than 60000 engineers, technologists, programmers, economists and other specialists. Hundreds of Doctors of Philosophy (Ph.D.) and Doctors of Science (D.Sc.) successfully defended their thesis. About three thousand specialists have been trained in DSTU for 58 foreign countries.

Having the state certificates of degree DSTU graduates work in Russian and foreign scientific and design organizations, firms, banks, in governmental, educational and private enterprises.

Nowadays more than 7000 students, including 300 foreigners, and 150 post-graduates get education at 12 faculties and there are 4 representative-universities in Volgodonsk, Taganrog , Azov and Essentuki.

Highly qualified scientists carry out their professional activity in many areas of up-today science and techniques. 20 members of Russian and International Science Academies and 6 Honoured Workes in Science of The Russian Federation are among them. More than 75 per cent of the staff has the scientific degrees in different knowledge.

Our University has 6 buildings for studies, scientific and practical work. There are libraries, computer halls, workshops, health center, sport halls and summer campus for students and professors at the sea-shore of the Black Sea, comfortable students hostels, and university cultural center. DSTU gives you a chance to be well-educated, mobile and creative.

Don State Technical University takes a special place in the educational complex of the South region. About 13 thousand of students study at 12 faculties in 43 specialities. None of other university in our region has such a unique range of professional suggestions. There is a great number of different traditions at our university; among them there is succession of generations, special atmosphere of mutual understanding and mutual support.

TUITION

The Preparatory Department works for the foreign citizens coming to DSTU to study the Russian language and common natural sciences. The whole course of study at the Preparatory Department takes a year. The Russian language Courses are also available at DSTU.

DURATION OF PROGRAMS OFFERED

Academic degrees or diplomas awarded

Training duration

Bachelor of science (B.Sc.) 4 years

Engineer (Specialist) 5 years

Master of Science (M.Sc.) 2 years more after Bachelor's degree award

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) 3 years more after Master's or Specialist`s degree award

Doctor of Science (D.Sc.) 3 years more after Master's or Specialist`s degree award

POST-GRADUATE EDUCATION

Don State Technical University trains scientific specialists at post-graduate and Doctorate courses.

The post-graduate courses for the future Ph.D. and D.Sc. degree specialists include more than 20 specialities (follows).

There are six thesis defense councils on 13 specialities at our university.

SIENTIFIC ACTIVITY AND RESEARCHES

Don state technical university is a powerful scientific center of the North-Caucasus region. DSTU embraces scientific schools of 6 directions:

• physics and mathematics; technics; economics; history; philosophy; pedagogy.

The most important scientific researches, which are being carried out in DSTU.

The most essential task of the scientific, experimental, developmental work and researches is to bind together the university science and manufacture. It is provided, on the one hand, through collaboration of DSTU with a number of industrial associations of region, in particular, through participation in the association "High technology", which embraces large-scale industrial enterprises of the South of Russia and, on the other hand, through the activity of the South-Russian scientific training center of innovational business placed in DSTU.

Also, the regional departments of three professional academies operate on the basis of DSTU: the International academy of science, ecology and life safety, Russian academy of technological sciences and Russian academy of problems of quality.

Language work II Students are divided into pairs.

Students A: you will be a journalist. Come up with questions on the text to take a kind of interview describing Don State Technical University.

Student B: you will be the representative of this university (a student, one of the teachers, a dean, etc.) You will give an interview about the university.

III Complete the sentences and use them as a plan for your future talk on the DSTU.

Don State Technical University (DSTU) is the biggest ....................................................................... .

During its activity the University has trained more than 60000 .................................................................. .

Hundreds of Doctors of Philosophy (Ph.D.) and Doctors of Science (D.Sc.) successfully ............................................. .

Nowadays more than 7000 students, including ............................................... and there are .................................. in Volgodonsk, Taganrog , Azov and Essentuki.

Highly qualified scientists carry out their professional activity in many areas of ....................................................................

Our University has 6 buildings for studies, scientific and practical work. There are ........................................................................................................... .

There is a great number of different traditions at our university; among them there is ......................................................................... .

Don state technical university is a powerful ............................... of the North-Caucasus region.

The most essential task of the scientific, experimental, developmental work and researches is .......................................................................................... .

DSTU gives you a chance to be ................................................................... .

Entertainment

1. Which of these do you associate with

a) art b) music

c) dance d) theatre

e) cinema

f) TV

exhibition opera house masterpiece portrait abstract sculpture concert hall ballet shade watercolours sketch canvas art gallery ballerina tenor chat show drawing stage audience soprano commercial director star hit video plot thriller rap turn on/off

2. Read and translate the text.

Entertainment

We live in the world of incredible pressure and growing demands. Every day we experience stress that makes our life a rat race, that is why, we are looking forward to the end of the working day, weekend or holidays that is the time when we can relax, enjoy ourselves and be entertained.

Entertainment is a vital part of our pastime as it makes our life various, colorful, rich and balanced. There are so many kinds of entertainment that it can meet demands of people with the most sophisticated tastes. The most popular are TV, cinema, music, books and dance. However, other people prefer theatre, galleries and exhibitions where they are not disturbed in the world of silent beauty.

Television, no doubt, is the most popular kind of entertainment offering you daily a palette of programs, films and commercials. I don't know anybody who doesn't have a TV-set, but I know hundreds who have about 90 channels broadcast by satellite and cable TV in all possible languages in the world. They are juggling between quiz shows, reality shows, comedy shows, chat shows, soap operas, the news, cartoons, documentaries, drama series, films, sport programs, sitcoms, animal programs, health programs and other TV-creations which challenge us, take our time, make big talking points and turn TV viewers into TV addicts. Today psychologists, papers and doctors give us an earful about dangers of TV especially for children and psychos, but we can't deny obvious benefits of TV: it keeps us informed about what is going on in the world, educates us and entertains us.

Still a lot of people don't feel like being a coach-potato glued to the sofa for ages. They regard television as a viable alternative to movie-going, but not exactly the same thing. Cinemas are still overcrowded and collect a fortune from box-offices. They offer spectacular widescreen effects and multi-track stereo sound, which add to the sense of overwhelming reality. They provide us with a variety of movies of the world-famous film-directors. There is always something to feast your eyes on: action films, comedies, horror films, musicals, science fictions, fairy-tales, thrillers and westerns.

Music and dance walk hand by hand appealing to our imagination and making our life dynamic and mobile. You can choose from a range of musical trends: pop, rock, rap, heavy metal, blues, country music, instrumental music and others. You can go to the concerts and enjoy live performance or just plug in your earphones.

For those who are not to be disturbed in their privacy, books are the best bet. For those, who want to come in touch with the peak of human passions unfolding just in front of their eyes, theatre is the right place.

Our world is a big entertaining place that gives you shelter, absorbs stress and brings happiness.

3. Give Russian equivalence to the following English words.

Incredible pressure, growing demands, rat race, meet demands, sophisticated taste, commercials, cable and satellite TV, quiz show, soap opera, cartoon, sitcom, coach potato, a viable alternative, box-office, spectacular widescreen effects, multi-track stereo sound, sense of overwhelming reality, appeal to imagination, live performance, absorb stress.

3. Complete sentences 1-13 using each of these words only once

reviews script audience performance casting scene shot release plot pictures screen edit suspense

1. Americans usually talk about going to the movies rather than to the cinema or the....................... .

2. Her great acting...................will surely win her one of this year's Oscars.

3. Best of all is the .......where, just for a second, he sees Callaham waiting on the bridge.

4. She is not really a film critic but she often does the MTV film.........on Fridays.

5. The chase through San Francisco is a thrilling.......... . It seems to go on forever.

6. One of the jobs of a film studio is to .........a film by putting together different parts of it.

7. The.......is a written version of what people say, sometimes called the screenplay.

8. The connected events in a film - the story - is often called the...... .

9. Spectacular films like that are so much better on a big ..........than shrunk onto TV.

10. We didn't know whether she would escape till the last moment: the......was incredible.

11. Her latest film is due for........in May and should reach local cinemas by the summer.

12. At the end of the film's premiere many people in the..............stood and applauded.

13. Choosing the right actors to play the right parts is known as........... .

4. Cross the odd word out.

Rap heavy metal music-producer pop music

Thriller horror film chat show science fiction

Movie picture film shot

Screen pop-corn soundtrack projector

Audience director actor camera-man

Turn on turn off change channels edit

Steven Spielberg James Cameron Guy Richi Bred Pitt

Detective story plot novel fairy-tale

The Lord of the Rings Titanic the Babylon Twilight

Charles Dickens Leonardo da Vinci Renoir Monet

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Warm-up Answer the following questions:

1. What English speaking countries do you know?

2. Which English speaking countries have you visited? What was your experience? What did you like? What didn't you like? Why?

3. Is it a good place to live?

4. Which English speaking country would you like to visit most? Why?

5. What is the difference between England, Great Britain and the UK?

6. The British have the best sense of humor. Do you agree?

I. Practise saying, translate and learn the vocabulary:

* official name * to be situated on, to be located

* in addition to

* to include * total area

* in the north-west, west, east, south, north

* to be washed by

* to be separated from

* to be divided into

* mountainous, lowland

* due to * moderating influence

* climate: insular, humid and mild

* striking discrepancy

* to consists of, to be made up

* to be noted for

* to be famous for

* coal mine * principal city

* parliamentary monarchy

* the head of state

* to be limited

* in practice * on the advice of

* to reign, to rule, to act, to appoint

* branches: legislative, executive and judicial

* written constitution

* the supreme authority.

* Houses: the House of Lords and the House of Commons.

* to elect, the election

* a general election

* as a rule * a highly-developed industrial country

* to be known as

II. Read the text and translate the italicized word combinations.

Great Britain (official name - the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) is situated on two large islands, the larger which is Great Britain, the smaller is Ireland. In addition to these islands Great Britain includes over five hundred small islands. The total area of Great Britain is 240,000 sq. kms, its population is 56,000,000 people.

In the north-west and west the country is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea, in the east - by the North Sea. The island of Great Britain is separated from France by the English Channel. Northern Ireland, which is a part of Great Britain and which is situated on the island of Ireland, is separated from Great Britain by the North Channel.

The island of Great Britain is divided into two parts: mountainous (in the north and west of the island) and lowland (in the south and east). Ben Nevis is the highest point in the UK it is only 1343 metres high. It is located in the Northern Highlands in Scotland. There are no very long rivers in Great Britain. The most important rivers are the Thames (the deepest) and the Severn (the longest). The rivers seldom freeze in winter. Due to the moderating influence of the sea Great Britain has an insular climate, rather humid and mild, without striking discrepancy between seasons.

The UK consists of four main parts: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Great Britain is made up of England, Scotland and Wales and does not include Northern Ireland. England is noted for its "high-tech" and car industries. London is the capital of the UK. Scotland is a land of mountains, lakes and romantic castles. The center of government of Scotland is Edinburgh. It is large and busy. Wales is famous for its high mountains and pretty valleys, factories and coal mines, music and myths. The principal city of Wales is Cardiff. Northern Island, with farming land, is beautiful, too, it is a large industrial city with many fine building and a big port. Belfast is the seat of government of Northern Island. Administratively Great Britain is divided into 5 counties. The biggest cities of Great Britain are London, Birmingham, Glasgow, Liverpool, Manchester, Edinburgh, and Cardiff.

The Welsh have their own language. However, many Welsh people do not know Welsh, and English is spoken by everyone in Wales. Scotland and Ireland also have their own languages, but they are rarely spoken and English is known by everyone there.

Great Britain is a parliamentary monarchy. Officially the head of state is the Queen (or the King). However, the power of the Queen in Great Britain is not absolute. The Queen is the head of State, but her power is limited by Parliament. In practice, she reigns, but does not rule. She acts only on the advice of the ministers and Parliament. The branches of government are: the legislative, the executive and the judicial. There is no written constitution in Great Britain, only customs, traditions and precedents. The legislative is the supreme authority.

Parliament in Great Britain has existed since 1265 and is the eldest Parliament in the world. It consists of two Houses - the House of Lords and the House of Commons. The House of Lords consists of 1000 peers who are not elected by the people. The House of Commons is a nation-wide representative body which is elected by the people at a general election, within 5 years of the last election. After the general election the Queen appoints the head of the government - the Prime Minister. As a rule the Prime Minister is the leader of the party that has won the election. The Prime Minister appoints the ministers to make up the government.

There are two main political parties in Great Britain: the Conservative party and the Labor party.

Great Britain is a highly-developed industrial country. The main fields of British industry are machine-building, ship-building, metallurgy, and electronics. It is known also as one of the world's largest producers and exporters of textile, aircraft and navigation equipment.

III. Language work

1. Practise the pronunciation of the following words and phrases.

Great Britain, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, islands, Ireland, the Atlantic Ocean, the Irish Sea, France, the English Channel, Northern Ireland, the highest point, the Northern Highlands, Scotland, the Thames, the Severn, an insular climate, humid, mild, striking discrepancy, England, Scotland, Wales, high-tech, car industries, castles, government, Edinburgh, coal mines, myths, industrial city, county, Birmingham, Glasgow, Manchester, the Welsh, however, parliamentary monarchy, to reign, the legislative, the executive, the judicial, precedent, the supreme authority, the House of Lords, the House of Commons, a peer, representative body, the Conservative party, the Labor party, a highly-developed industrial country, metallurgy.

2. Unscramble each of the clue words. Copy the letters in the numbered cells to other cells with the same number. Give the Russian equivalents for the following word combinations:

3. Do the crossword:

Across 2. столица

4. высокий

6. править

7. обычай

8. гора 10. влажный, мокрый

12. палата

14. производитель

15. озеро

17. государство

18. прецедент

19. глубокий

20. население

22. длинный

23. знаменитый

26. судебный

27. царствовать

29. умеренный (о климате)

31. однако

32. парламентарный

34. королева

35. графство

36. текстиль

37. состоять из

39. завод

40. абсолютный, безусловный

41. долина

42. законодательный

47. действовать, поступать, вести себя

48. рудник, шахта

49. экспортер

50. заключать, включать в себе

51. замок

52. назначать

53. пэр, лорд

55. представительский

56. избирать

Down 1. монархия

3. промышленный

5. остров 9. мягкий (об островном типе климата)

11. гористый

13. исполнительный

16. король

19. разница, различие

21. официально

24. власть, полномочия

25. советовать

28. правительство

30. промышленность

33. власть

38. язык 43. оборудование

44. самолетостроение

45. влияние

46. существовать

47. административно

54. выборы

4. Do You Know Britain?

1. The UK is an island country. But it has land border. What country does it border on?

2. What are the main parts of the UK? What are their capitals?

3. What is the highest mountain in the British Isles called?

4. Give the names of:

a) the longest river in Britain; b) the largest lake in Britain;

c) the largest city not counting London; d) the busiest port.

5. Why are there few outdoor cafes in London?

6. What are the Highlands like?

7. Which parts of Great Britain are the centers of wooden and cotton goods industries?

8. What is the official name of the country?

9. Are all the people in Britain English?

10. What is the name of the Scottish lake where supposedly lives a monster?

11. Who sat at the famous Round Table?

12. What is the birthplace of Shakespeare?

13. Where can you meet Sir Nelson?

14. What books can you meet these characters in?

a) Long John Silver; b) Jim Hawkins;

c) Little boy Oliver; d) The White Rabbit;

e) Friday. 15. What sports originated in Britain?

16. Why are public holidays in Britain called "bank holidays"?

17. When was London destroyed by fire?

18. Why are English policemen called "Bobby"?

19. What English pop group is famous all over the world? Where is it from?

20. What is another name for the Houses of Parliament in London?

21. What is the name of the most famous clock in London? Whom is it named after?

22. Why is Downing Street so well-known?

23. What do you know about the Tower?

24. Who is the head of the United Kingdom?

25. The first woman Prime Minister in Britain was called:

a) Mother Teresa; b) Princess Diana;

c) Margaret Thatcher; d) Winston Churchill.

26. The most common family name in the English-speaking world is:

a) Hill; b) Dubois;

c) Smith; d) Schwarzenegger.

27. Match the country, the patron saint and their days.

Country Saint Day ENGLAND St David March 1st IRELAND St Andrew March 17th SCOTLAND St George April 23rd WELES St Patrick November 30th

5. Special Days in Britain

1. A New Year's resolution is ....

a) something you will try to do better next year;

b) a card you send to your family and friends to wish them Happy New Year;

c) a kind of cake eaten on January 1st.

2. Boxing Day is ... .

a) a day when boxing matches are held;

b) a national holiday in England and Wales, on the first day after Christmas Day that is not a Sunday;

c) a day when people send one another boxes of food.

3. A Bank Holiday is ....

a) a public holiday;

b) a holiday for those who work in banks;

c) a holiday on May 1st.

4. Independence Day ....

a) is when England united with Scotland and Wales and Northern Ireland;

b) is the same day as the day World War II ended;

c) doesn't exist in Britain.

5. Mother's Day is ....

a) when mothers get presents and cards;

b) when mothers do not have to go to work;

c) when mothers send presents and cards to their children.

6. Remembrance Day is ....

a) when we remember the Royal Family;

b) when we remember those who died in the World Wars;

c) a public holiday in November.

7. Good Friday is ....

a) when we give thanks for English saint - Saint George;

b) when we celebrate the Queen's birthday;

c) the Friday before Easter.

8. Hogmany is ....

a) a traditional holiday dish;

b) the Scottish name for New Year's Eve;

c) a holiday spent in summer.

9. Carol is ... .

a) a name for a boy;

b) a traditional Christmas song;

c) a book of verses.

10. Guy Fawkes's Night is ... .

a) celebrated on November 5th;

b) a day to honour all people called Guys;

c) a day when there is a fire somewhere.

11. The Changing of the Guard is ... .

a) a ceremony in front of the Tower of London;

b) a ceremony in London prison;

c) a ceremony at Buckingham Palace.

12. Pancakes races are held ....

a) on the last Saturday in May;

b) on Shrove Tuesday;

c) for housewives to show their experience.

13. Every year a New Year tree is presented to London by people of ... .

a) Finland; b) Norway;

c) the biggest car factory.

6. Complete the sentences and use them as a plan for your future talk on the Russian Federation.

1. .............................................. is situated on the British Isles.

2. The British Isles consist of ..................................

3. Their total area is............................................

4. The United Kingdom is made up of ...............................

5. Their capitals are ............................

6. Great Britain consists of.................................... and ........................ Northern Ireland.

7. London is ...............................................

8. The British Isles .............................................the North Sea and the English Channel.

9. .......................................... is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea.

10. The UK has a varied countryside where you can find ........................

11. ..............................................................is only 1343 metres high.

12. There are a lot of rivers in .................. The Severn is ....................., while the Thames is ..................................

13. The climate of the British Isles is ..........................................

14. The UK is ..............................industrial country.

15. It is known as one of the world's largest producers and exporters of ..................... 16. The UK is a ....................monarchy.

17. In law, the Head of State is .................. In practice, ................. reigns, but does not .........................

18. The Prime Minister is .............................

19. The British Parliament consists of ....................................

20. .........................................................the Labour, the Conservative parties.

Puzzle official name

to be situated on

in addition to total area

to be washed by to be separated from

to be divided into

due to

moderating influence

striking discrepancy

to consists of to be famous for

coal mine

principal city parliamentary monarchy

the head of state

in practice on the advice of

the supreme authority.

the House of Lords

the House of Commons.

a general election

as a rule

the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

crossword island - остров

include - заключать, включать в себе

population - население

mountainous - гористый

high - высокий

long - длинный

deep - глубокий

long - длинный

influence - влияние

insular - мягкий (об островном типе климата)

humid - влажный, мокрый

mild - умеренный (о климате)

discrepancy - разница, различие

industry - промышленность

capital - столица

mountain - гора

lake - озеро

castle - замок

government - правительство

famous - знаменитый

valley - долина

factory - завод

mine - рудник, шахта

industrial - промышленный

administratively - административно

county - графство

language - язык

however - однако

parliamentary - парламентарный

monarchy - монархия

officially - официально

queen - королева

king - король

power - власть, полномочия

absolute - абсолютный, безусловный

state - государство

reign - царствовать

rule - править

act - действовать, поступать, вести себя

advice - советовать

legislative - законодательный

executive - исполнительный

judicial - судебный

custom - обычай

precedent - прецедент

authority - власть

exist - существовать

consist - состоять из

house - палата

peer - пэр, лорд

elect - избирать

representative - представительский

election - выборы

appoint - назначать

producer - производитель

exporter - экспортер

textile - текстиль

aircraft - самолетостроение

equipment - оборудование

4. Do You Know Britain?

KEYS 1. Britain borders on the Irish Republic.

2. England - London; Scotland - Edinburgh; Wales - Cardiff; Ireland - Belfast

3. Ben Nevis.

4. a) The Severn; b) The Windermere c) Birmingham;

d) London. 5. The weather is uncertain (too many rains).

6. Low hills. 7. Yorkshire - wool. Manchester - cotton.

8. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

9. Only people of England.

10. Loch Ness. 11. King Arthur and the Knights.

12. Stratford-upon-Avon.

13.Trafalgar Square.

14. a) "Treasure Island" (Stevenson). b) "Treasure Island" (Stevenson).

c) "Oliver Twist" (Dickens). d) "Alice in Wonderland" (Carroll).

e) "Robinson Crusoe" (Defoe).

15. Football, golf, tennis, boxing.

16. All banks are closed.

17. Great London fire, 1666.

18. The Founder of English police was Robert (Bobby)

19. The "Beatles" (Liverpool).

20. Westminster Palace.

21. Big Ben (clock) was named after Sir Benjamin Hall -a member of the Parliament.

22. The home of the Prime Minister.

23. Prison, palace, museum and treasury.

24. Queen Elizabeth II.

25. Margaret Thatcher.

26. Smith. 27. Country Saint Day ENGLAND St George April 23rd IRELAND St Patrick March 17th SCOTLAND St Andrew November 30th WALES St David March 1st

5. KEYS

1. A New Year's resolution is

a) something you will try to do better next year.

2. Boxing Day is

b) a national holiday in England and Wales, on the first day after Christmas Day that is not a Sunday.

3. A Bank Holiday is

a) a public holiday.

4. Independence Day

c) doesn't exist in Britain.

5. Mother's Day is

a) when mothers get presents and cards.

6. Remembrance Day is

b) when we remember those who died in the World Wars.

7. Good Friday is

c) the Friday before Easter.

8. Hogmany is b) the Scottish name for New Year's Eve.

9. Carol is b) a traditional Christmas song.

10. Guy Fawkes's Night is

a) celebrated on November 5th.

11. The Changing of the Guard is

c) a ceremony at Buckingham Palace.

12. Pancakes races are held

b) on Shrove Tuesday.

13. Every year a New Year tree is presented to London by people of

b) Norway. 14. Country Saint Day ENGLAND St George April 23rd IRELAND St Patrick March 17th SCOTLAND St Andrew November 30th WALES St David March 1st

Healthy way of life

1. Give the following a score of 1-5 how good you think they are for your health (1= not good, 5= excellent)

Eating fruit eating red meat drinking lots of water taking vitamin pills yoga going on holiday visiting the doctor regularly jogging

martial arts football a good night's sleep

2. Read, translate and retell the text

Health is one of the burning issues of today. It is claimed that the health of whole nations is endangered. But what does it mean to be healthy? Researches agree that there are four components which identify how healthy you are: your diet, your daily routine, your pastime and your way of thinking.

People's diets today are getting worse and worse. Many don't have enough time to cook, so they just heat up a frozen meal or order a takeaway. Besides, with so many chains of fast food restaurants, which offer a variety of delicious food, fast service and low prices, people don't have to spend a mass of time at the cooker and, instead, can relax and enjoy themselves. Fast food is especially popular with children and students who are crazy about burgers, French fries, chicken nuggets, fizzy drinks, milk shakes, corndogs, doughnuts with different fillings, cookies and various sandwiches which make our mouth water and keep us going through the day. This obsession with fast food seems quite strange because we have a lot of information now about how bad fast food is for you. But at the same time many people are trying to improve their diets, but they are doing it in the wrong way by following diets which are based on cutting out entire groups of food like carbohydrates. On the other hand, even if you don't have time or facilities to cook, there are a lot of places where you can eat healthily; Japanese and Indian restaurants serve a range of fresh salads, fish, soups, salads and sushi. What you eat is the same important as when you eat. Nutritionists say that breakfast should be the most sufficient meal of the day (about 60% of what you eat) as all these calories are burnt by 12 o'clock.

Another thing to worry about is your daily routine or, in other words, what you do in a typical day. The ideal scenario is that you walk to and back from work, work for not more than 8 hours a day, have a lunch-break, go in for sport and have a good night's sleep. Physical training should be an essential and vital part of our daily routine, because a human's body with its system of muscles and joints was designed to perform a system of movements, rather than stay motionless in an office's chair. The choice of physical activity depends on the goal you want to achieve. Doing morning exercises is enough to stay fit and awake throughout a day. Martial arts are for those who are attracted by the benefit of self-defense and increased self-confidence combined with a high level of fitness, speed and strength. If you like the spirit of competitiveness, take up one of team or individual games (football, basketball, tennis, golf, etc).

Psychologists state that our routine should be changed on weekend, that is the time when we take time-off. Every weekend should be remembered by some new experiences and activities which can be minor.

Finally, the way we perceive the world around us and react to the events happening to us determines how healthy we are. There are a lot of elaborated stress-coping strategies which help you keep things in control.

3. Give Russian equivalents to the following English words from the text.

burning issues, endanger, diet, daily routine, pastime, way of thinking, heat up, frozen meal, order a takeaway, fast food restaurants, fast service, burgers, French fries, chicken nuggets, fizzy drinks, milk shakes, corndogs, doughnuts with different fillings, cookies, make one's mouth water, to improve diets, cut out entire groups of food, nutritionists, sufficient meal, the ideal scenario, system of muscles and joints, to stay fit, martial arts, self-defense, self-confidence, fitness, speed , strength, spirit of competitiveness, perceive the world, stress-coping strategies, keep things in control.

, 4. Match the items with the idioms below:

Go downhill, off colour, as strong as an ox, full of beans, be taken with a pinch of salt, at death's door, nothing but skin and bone, a shadow of one's own self, up and about, ripe old age.

a. unwell

b. Very thin c. To get worse in health

d. About to die e. To be doubted

f. Active after an illness

g. Very lively and energetic

h. Very strong and fit

i. Weaker or less capable than one used to be

j. Very old age

5. Fill in the gaps with the phrases from the list

1. As soon as your is out of the cast, you'll be.......in no time.

2. John has a reputation of a being a liar, so whenever he tells me anything, I take it with a ....... .

3. Peter didn't go to school today because he was feeling a bit............ .

4. The recession will affect industry badly and many companies will............ .

5. My grandfather lived to a ........... . He was 104 when he died.

6. - Can you have a look at my dog? He's usually so ..........but he's been refusing his food for a week now and he's nothing.............. .

- Oh! He's just........., isn't he? Don't worry! I don't think he's ...........just yet. Give him one of these tablets three times a day and he should be .........in a week or so.

Mass media

Answer the following questions

1. What is the role of mass media in the life of contemporary society?

2. What kinds of mass media do you know?

3. What was the earliest kind of mass media?

4. What role do newspapers play today?

5. What is the difference between a newspaper and a

6. magazine? 7. When was TV invented?

8. Why is the television so exciting?

9. When did radio appear?

10. Did it take radio long to be a reality?

11. What is the reason for widespread use of radios?

12. What do you know about the Internet?

Read and translate the text, learn the italicized word combinations.

The role of mass media in the life of the present society is difficult to overestimate. They have become a daily and essential necessity with contemporary men. Mass media report about various aspects of life, form and affect public opinion. Mass media are one of the most characteristic features of modern civilization. People are united into one global community with the help of mass media. People can learn about what is happening in the world very fast using mass media. The mass media include newspapers, magazines, radio ,television and the Internet.

The earliest kind of mass media was newspaper. Newspapers appeared in many European countries in the 17th century. They developed from newspapers and booksellers' catalogs. Newspaper are usually issued daily, weekly, or at other regular times. They provide news, views, features, and other information of public interest and often carry advertising. Today people have a chance to have full information about political, economic and cultural events in their own country and abroad.

Magazines do not focus on daily, rapidly changing events. They provide more profound analysis of events of proceeding week. Magazines are designed to be kept for a longer time so they have cover and binding and are printed on better paper.

TV experiments to create a workable television system began in the late 19th century by Paul Nipkow, a German scientist. Today almost every family in the civilized world has a TV set. Television plays an important role in our society, not only as an entertainer and informant, but also because of the grip it has on many people. Television channels easily go into people's home taking in their time and life.

Radio appeared earlier then TV. Radio first became a possibility when the English physicist Michael Faraday demonstrated that an electrical current could produce a magnetic field. In 1864 James Clerk Maxwell, a professor of experimental physics at Cambridge, proved mathematically that these electrical disturbances could be detected at considerable distances. Maxwell predicted that this electromagnetic energy could move outward in waves travelling at the speed of light. In 1888 Heinrich Hertz demonstrated that Maxwell's prediction was true for transmissions over short distances. In 1901 an Italian physicist named Guglielrno Marconi received wireless telegraphic messages sent from Cornwall to Newfoundland. It was hailed as a triumph, but few discerned its full meaning: the birth of a communications revolution. Radio is widespread for its portability. It means that radios can easily be carried around. People like listening to the radio on the beach or picnic, while driving a car or just walking down the street. The main kind of radio entertainment is music.

The Internet was created in 1983. Since that time it has grown beyond its largely academic origin into an increasingly commercial and popular medium. The Internet connects many computer net works. It is based on a common addressing system and communications protocol called TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol). By the mid-1990s the Internet connected millions of computers throughout the world. Many commercial computer network and data services also provided at least indirect connection to the Internet. The World Wide Web, which enables simple and intuitive navigation of Internet sites through a graphical interface, expanded during the 1990s to become the most important component of the Internet. It's impossible to say now what the Internet will be like in the future or how it will change our lives. But we must admit that the World Wide Web offers people great opportunities, and we must try to make the best use of it.

Practise saying and learn the vocabulary

* to overestimate- переоценивать

* contemporary- современный

* feature - черта

* mass media - средства массовой информации

* bookseller - книготорговец

* issue- издание

* advertising- реклама

* entertaining - развлекательный

* portability - портативность

* newcast - обзор новостей

* to focus - сосредоточиваться

* grip -умение овладеть вниманием

* current -ток [эл.]

* profound - глубокий

* magnetic field- магнитное поле

* prediction- предсказание,прогноз

* portability- мобильность, переносимость

* to hail- приветствовать

* to discern- разглядеть,распознавать

* popular medium -популярное средство

* Transmission Control Protocol- протокол управления передачей (интернет-протокол, который отвечает за разбиение данных на пакеты, которые протокол IP передает по сети).

* data services- услуги передачи данных

* graphical interface- графический интерфейс

* admit -признавать

Complete the sentences and use them as a plan for your future talk on the Mass media

The role of mass media in the life of the present society is_______________________.

The mass media include_____________________________.

The earliest kind of mass media_____________________________.

Magazines provide more profound analysis_____________________________.

Television plays an important role in our society_____________________________.

Television channels easily go into people's home_____________________________.

Radio first became a possibility when_____________________________.

Radio is widespread for its_____________________________.

Internet is based on a_____________________________.

By the mid-1990s the Internet connected_____________________________.

The World Wide Web offers people_____________________________.

Benjamin Franklin

I. Pre-reading task:

1) Answer the following questions:

a) What famous people from English-speaking countries do you know?

b) What are they famous for?

II. Read and translate the text.

Benjamin Franklin

Self-educated and self-made, Benjamin Franklin led a rich and active life. Universally recognized as a superb diplomat and celebrated wit, Franklin was also a scientist, a musician, a philosopher, and the inventor .

Born the son of a Boston tallow marker, Franklin became at the age of twelve a printer's apprentice to his brother, who had just bought back a press from England. Under the pen name of Silence Dogood , Franklin wrote a number of satiric pieces for his brother's newspaper. At the age of seventeen, he headed for Philadelphia, where he acquired his own printing shop. In 1730, he created a character who came to be known as Poor Richard, and Poor Richard's Almanack continued for the next twenty-five years.

The growth of his printing company and some wise investments enabled Franklin to retire when he was forty-four and devote his time to inventions and scientific experiments. His findings established him as the leading scientist of the Western Hemisphere and caused his election to the exclusive Royal Society.

The Pennsylvania legislature sent him to London in 1757 to present Pennsylvania in its disputes with mother country. Between 1768 and 1770 three more of the colonies asked Franklin to represent them, and he quickly became the chief spokesman for the colonies as a whole. By 1775 he had given up his once strong hope for reconciliation with England and returned to America where he was elected to the Second Continental Congress. He was appointed to the committee to frame the Declaration of Independence.

His quick wit and worldly wisdom made him extremely popular there, he helped negotiate the Treaty of Paris (1783), by which England recognized American independence. While abroad, he wrote The Autobiography, which explains the regimen of self-education that he so rigorously pursued.

Although he was old and ill when he returned to America in 1785, he served as a delegate to the Constitutional Convention (1787) and continued his work with many humanitarian and scientific societies.

III. Language work.

1. Give the Russian equivalents for the following words and word combinations:

Self-educated, self-made, a rich and active life, universally recognized, a superb diplomat, a scientist, an inventor, a pen name, to create a character, to come be known, an investment, to enable, to devote one's time, scientific experiments, Western Hemisphere, Royal Society, to represent, reconciliation, to be elected, to be appointed, a committee, the Declaration of Independence, to be extremely popular, humanitarian and scientific societies, to give up one's hope.

2. Give the English equivalents for the following words and word combinations:

Насыщенная и активная жизнь, превосходный дипломат, изобретатель, ученый, псевдоним, создать персонаж, посвящать свое время, научные эксперименты, быть избранным, Западное полушарие, быть назначенным, королевское общество, быть крайне популярным, гуманитарные и научные общества, отказаться от своей надежды, комитет, Декларация независимости, стать известным.

3. In pairs, comment on the qualities which help to become a great scientist or an outstanding politician using some of these words.

self-confident independent

responsible hard-working educated

creative devoted reliable generous

wit minded sociable intelligent bossy

forward-looking inventive

patriotic 4. List in order of importance in the qualities which need to become an outstanding person:

- a good education

- a sense of humor

- a strong will

- knowing of foreign languages

- luck in business

- a financial sense

- creative abilities

- hard work 5. Witch of the qualities from Ex.3:

do you posses? would you like to posses?

6. Complete the sentences using the words and word combinations from the text "B. Franklin."

7. And use them as a plan for your future talk.

1. Benjaming Franklin led ____ life.

2. He was ____. 3. Franklin started _____ at the age 12.

4. He acquired his own printing shop at the ____.

5. He was ____ of the West Hemisphere and caused his election to the _____.

6. He was sent ____ to represent Pennsylvania in its disputes with the mother country.

7. In America he was elected to the ____.

8. Franklin was appointed to the committee to frame the ____.

9. He took part in the negotiations by witch England recognized American ____.

10. He continued his work with many ____.

Rostov - on - Don

Warm - up Answer the following questions:

1. When was Rostov -on - Don's history started? What holiday did Moscow celebrate in 2009?

2. What part did Rostov play in Russian history?

3. When and why was the biggest part of Rostov destroyed?

4. How many people do live in Rostov?

5. What can the tourists see on Teatralnaya square?

6. What historical event does the monument on Teatralnaya square commemorate?

7. What theatres do you know in Rostov? Have you ever been to one of them?

8. What is Rostov University famous for?

Temernitzkay customs, the fortress, the border of Russian Empire, the 1-st Russian Revolution, the railway knot, the spirit of revolt, the Cossackes, to be liberated from, to be occupied, to commemorate the victory in the Great battle of the 2-nd World War, more than 100000, the Musical Theatre, the Gorky Theatre, the Theatre of Young spectators, the Puppet Theatre, Warsaw University.

I. Read the text and translate the italicized word combinations.

Rostov - on - Don.

Every city has its own spirit and peculiarities. As Marietta Shaginyan said: "Rostov is a city founded by traders for trade". In this big southern city people of 130 nationalities live. It's location is remarkable. It is situated at the cross of all roads leading to the South. "The Gates of the Caucasus" we call it. Its favourable location was the reason of its prosperity.

Rostov is a young city. We have just celebrated its 260 anniversary. There are no many places of historical or architectural interest in Rostov. It's not only because of the age but because of the Great Patriotic War too. During the last war the city was greatly damaged. But all the same there are some interesting places here. The Gorky Theatre on Teatralnaya square. Built in the 30 of the last century it resembles a tractor in its form. It's a constructive style fashionable for those years. Old fascinating buildings in Sadovaya street which are worth seeing, are the building of "Duma", the hotel "Moskovskaya", the restaurant "Yolky - Palky". They were designed by academician - architect Pomerantzev at the beginning of the 20 century. The golden domes of the Cathedral draw our attention, too.

Rostov is a big industrial center. "Rostselmash" and "Rostvertol" are famouse all over the country.

It is a big cultural centre. There are 4 theatres here, many libraries, Universities and museums.

Rostov is getting bigger and bigger and it is one of the largest and important cities in Russia.

II. Language work.

1. Practise the pronunciation of the following words and phrases.

Peculiarities, favourable location, the Great Patriotic War, the Cathedral, domes, the restaurant, academician, fascinating, architect, century.

2. Give the Russian equivalents for the following words and word combinations:

Spirit and peculiarities, at the cross, "The Gates of the Caucasus", favourable location, prosperity, because of, the Great Patriotic War, all the same, to resemble, a constructive style, fashionable, to be worth seeing, at the beginning, the golden domes, to draw attention, to be getting bigger.

3. Give the English equivalents for the following words and word combinations:

Привлекать внимания, вначале, модный, напоминать, Великая Отечественная Война, процветание, "Ворота Кавказа", дух и особенности, становиться больше, золотые купола, стоит посмотреть, конструктивистский стиль, все равно, из - за, благоприятное местоположение, на перекрестке.

4. Translate into English:

1. Город был построен на месте крепости, носивший имя Дмитрия Ростовского.

2. Благоприятное местоположение способствовало процветанию.

3. Казаки создали особую культуру и традиции.

4. Дон был Родиной всех лидеров крестьянских войн.

5. Дух бунта всегда жил в их душах.

6. Во время Отечественной войны город был сильно разрушен.

7. Театр, построенный в 30-х годах прошлого столетия, имел форму трактора.

8. Любимое место отдыха - Ростовская набережная.

5. Complete the sentences and use them as a plan for your future talk on the history of Rostov - on - Don.

1. Rostov is a big southern city situated at ..... .

2. Its favourable location was ..... .

3. We call it ..... , because ..... .

4. It's a young city. We've just ..... .

5. It doesn't have many ......, because ......

6. But all the same have there are interesting places, which are ........ .

7. They are: ....... .

8. Rostov is a big cultural center because .......

9. Rostov is an industrial city as ........ .

10. Rostov is getting ....... . Its population is ....... .

6. Discussion.

1. What is your native city?

2. Comment on the benefits and drawbacks of living in a big city.

3. What will be the role of Rostov - on - Don in the 21-st century?

The Role of Foreign Languages

Warm-up Answer the following questions:

1. When did Russian people begin to study foreign languages as a subject?

2. What first foreign languages were studied in Russia?

3. When did Russians begin learning English?

4. How many languages are there in the world?

5. What language is spoken in Mexico?

6. What language is spoken in France?

7. What language is spoken in Brazil?

8. Where do people speak Mandarin?

9. Is English the official language of Russia?

10. What is the official language of Russia?

11. Where is English the official language?

12. About 5000; about 250 years ago; Spanish; Classical languages: Greece, Latin; later German and French; In China; at the end of XIX century; the USA, Canada, British Isles, Australia, New Zealand; Portuguese; Of course, not; French; Russian.

III. Practise saying, translate and learn the vocabulary:

* to find out, discover

* to read books in the original

* to talk to foreigners

* to have a profound knowledge of foreign languages

* to improve living, working conditions

* to be persistent in studies

* to travel abroad

* to have something to do in your spare time

* to be familiar with social and cultural life

* to participate in conversations with people

* the chief (leading, main) language of international business

* advertising * satellite broadcasting

* to be effective medium of international communication

* to be convinced

* to open up opportunities and careers

* to broaden the mind

* to be acquainted with the unknown culture

* to depend on smb's own efforts

* to sign international contracts

II. Read the text and translate the italicized word combinations.

The Role of Foreign Languages.

Education is very important in our life. An educated person is one who knows a lot about many things. He always tries to learn, find out, and discover more about the world around him. He gets knowledge at school, from books, magazines, from TV educational programs.

The role of foreign languages is also increasing today. Thanks to the knowledge of foreign languages one can read books, magazines in the original, talk to foreigners, translate various technical articles. Moreover, joint ventures which have recently appeared in our country need specialists with profound knowledge of foreign languages like English, German or French.

To know foreign languages is necessary for every educated person, for good specialists. Our country is transferring to a market economy. Research and innovations should improve living, working conditions of our people. That is why it is so important to be persistent in studies.

English is the world's top tongue. Today, nearly 600 million people around the world use the English language. It's spoken as a mother tongue in Great Britain, the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand. The present-day world status of English is the result of two factors: the expansion of British colonial power, which peaked towards the end of the 19th century, and the emergence of the United States as the leading economic power of the 20th century.

There are many different reasons why people study foreign languages, English in particular. Here are some of them: · to travel abroad; · to get good job; to have something to do in your spare time; · to be better educated; · to be familiar with social and cultural life in other countries; to be able to participate in conversations with people from English-speaking countries. English is the language of international air traffic control, and is currently developing its role in international maritime, policing, and emergency services. English is the chief language of international business and academic conferences, and the leading language of international tourism. English is the main language of popular music, advertising, satellite broadcasting, home computers, and video games. A foreign language is not just a subject learnt in the classrooms. It's something which is used in real life situations.

Why is English useful for international communication? For one thing, many books and papers in special fields are in English. As a result, specialists in these fields often learn English. Specialists from different countries can use their English for international communication. English is truly a world language.

I'm convinced if we are working in any brunch of science we must read books and magazines in other languages. Learning foreign languages opens up opportunities and careers. Knowing foreign languages can help us to find a job in such fields as science and technology, foreign trade and banking, international transportation communication, teaching librarian science and others. A more general aim is to broaden the mind and to broaden your circle of friends.

The role of English in personal development will be very important. It develops our memory. People can travel abroad. It enlarges knowledge and understanding of the world. It is the language of sport and beauty.

Learning any foreign language includes the acquaintance with the unknown culture, traditions and way of life of different people. Of course signing the international contracts and treaties with foreign countries can not be without English.

As for me, I think that to know a foreign language is absolutely necessary for all educated people and modern specialists. Everything depends on our own efforts.

II. Language work

1. Practise the pronunciation of the following words and phrases.

Knowledge, foreigners, Great Britain, the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, advertising, satellite broadcasting, career technology, circle of friends, the acquaintance.

2. Give the Russian equivalents for the following words and word combinations:

An educated person, to get knowledge, books, magazines in the original, to talk to foreigners, to translate various technical articles, joint ventures, research and innovations, working conditions, to be persistent in studies, the expansion of British colonial power, the emergence of the United States, the world's top tongue, to travel abroad, spare time, to participate in conversations with people, the chief language, satellite broadcasting, to open up opportunities and careers, to broaden your circle of friends, to enlarge knowledge and understanding of the world, the acquaintance with the unknown culture, to depend on our own efforts.

3. Give the English equivalents for the following words and word combinations:

Переводить техническую литературу, основной язык, расширить знание и понимание мира, совместные предприятия, путешествовать за границу, быть упорным в учении, читать в оригинале, исследования и инновации, открывать возможности, зависеть от ваших усилий, свободное время, расширение британской силы, появление США, спутниковая трансляция, условия работы.

4. Paraphrase the underlined word combinations using the following:

to be persistent in studies; to travel abroad;, spare time;, to be familiar with social and cultural life; to participate in smth; medium of international communication; to broaden.

1. Stephanie seems to work very hard during the whole semester.

2. It is good for a fresher to take part in the international communication to master your knowledge of English.

3. English is the most important means of communication.

4. Foreign language can help you to widen your circle of friends.

5. For better knowledge of English I advise you to travel to foreign countries.

6. If you want to make progress in your studies you'd better to know the social and cultural life of a studied language.

7. It is important for every student to spend your free time successfully.

5. Translate into English:

1. Роль иностранного языка в наши дни очень велика.

2. Мы можем читать книги в оригинале, общаться с иностранцами, знакомиться с их традициями и культурой.

3. Английский - это основной язык международной торговли, бизнеса, туризма, спутникового вещания, компьютеров, видеоигр.

4. Я убежден, что знание языка открывает возможности для карьерного роста.

5. Освоение новых технологий, развитие науки невозможно без иностранного языка.

6. Знание иностранного языка помогает расширить круг друзей, познакомиться с новыми странами.

7. Иностранный язык развивает наш интеллект, расширяет кругозор, делает нас образованными людьми.

8. Очень важно упорно учиться, т.к. многое зависит от Вас, от ваших умений и стараний.

9. Великий Гете сказал: "Тот, кто не знает иностранного языка, не знает своего родного языка".

6. Expand the following sentences using the information from the text:

1. Education is very important in our life.

2. The role of foreign languages is also increasing today.

3. English is the world's top tongue.

4. There are many different reasons why people study foreign languages.

5. The role of English in personal development will be very important.

6. Learning any foreign language includes the acquaintance with the unknown culture.

7. Everything depends on our own efforts.

7. Complete the table:

8. English is the world's top tongue. Prove it. Speak in pairs.

The main reason is that... More than 750 mll people speak English. Then... It's practically all over the world. More than that... It's spoken as a mother tongue in Great Britain, the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand. There is no doubt... It's the language of computers, science, business, politics. It's the official voice of the air and sea. The largest broadcasting companies transmit in English. It is the language of sport and beauty. 9. Study the bar chart and fill the gaps in the sentences with the appropriate modifiers from the box.

• More than one modifier is possible.

The 12 most spoken world languages (in millions)

836.2 1. Mandarin Chinese is spoken by ... 836 million. at least 2. ... 333 million speak Hindi. over 3.Spanish is spoken by ... 332 million. nearly 4.The number of native English speakers is ... 322 million. about 5.Bengali and Arabic are spoken by ... 190 million each. more than 6.Russian is spoken by ... 170 million people. around 7.Portuguese has ... 160 million speakers. fewer than 8.Japanese is the native language for... 125 million. 9.Then follow German, French and Malay with ... 100 million speakers. 10. What will be the role of the English language in the twenty-first century? What's your opinion on the following statements? Please comment. Match the statements on the right with the correct statements on the left.

* Before the middle of the twenty-first century another language besides English will become the world's main language.

* English will remain the world's language for international communication.

* The role of English in personal development will be very important.

* American English will be the world's standard variety of English.

* British English will be the dominant variety of English in the world.

* Many languages will die out during the next century.

* There will be a rise of spoken English at the expense of written English.

* The most popular foreign language in the future will be Chinese. * 50% of the worlds periodicals are printed in English.

* May be it will be Chinese, because of the population of China. As far as we know Mandarin Chinese is spoken by more than 836 mln.

* No doubt. * It develops our mind and memory. People can travel abroad. It enlarges knowledge and understanding of the world.

* It may be because America is the fourth largest country in the world.

* Why not. If a small nation dies, the language will die out too.

* May be. * Really China is the most populated country in the world and Chinese people are everywhere.

11. Why do you study English? Speak in pairs:

First... Why? I want ('d like) Second... to study at the university ( college) Then... to communicate with people of the world Finally... to do business There is no doubt... to understand films and songs in English to get a better job to like the language to want to live in an English-speaking country to travel abroad

have to study it at school it gives a chance to meet new people

12. Complete the sentences and use them as a plan for your future talk on the role of the foreign language.

1. The role of foreign languages is .................... .

2. The knowledge of foreign languages help us to travel........., to meet ........., to be familiar with ..... , to participate in ............. ..

3. Joint ventures need specialists ..................................... .

4. English is the world's top tongue. It's spoken as a mother tongue in............. .

5. English is the language of international....................................... .

6. Many books and papers in special fields are written in ...................... .

7. Specialists from different countries can use their English for .................. .

8. Learning foreign languages opens up ...................................... .

9. Knowing foreign languages can help us to ...................................... .

10. The role of English in personal development will be ............................... .

11. To know a foreign language is absolutely necessary for .............................. .

13. Read the text for obtaining the information

Culture - the fifth language skill

Submitted by Barry Tomalin on 29 September, 2008

What do we mean by "culture"?

Many teachers quote the Dutch psychologist Geert Hofstede's maxim "Software of the Mind", the subtitle of his 2005 book 'Cultures and Organisations'. What culture covers is the commonly held traditions, values and ways of behaving of a particular community. It includes what we used to call 'British and American life and institutions', 'daily life' and also cultural artefacts, such as the arts or sports. This is all interesting and sometimes useful knowledge and it is often included in textbooks.

However, there is also another level of understanding, of culture. This is how you develop cultural sensitivity and cultural skill. This covers how you build cultural awareness, what qualities you need to deal successfully with other cultures, and how to operate successfully with people from other cultures.

The teaching of culture should include these things: cultural values, cultural knowledge, cultural behaviour, cultural skills.

They say that culture is the fifth language skill, in addition to listening, speaking, reading and writing. There are two reasons. One is the international role of the English language and the other is globalisation.

Many now argue that the role of the English language in the curriculum is a life skill and should be taught as a core curriculum subject like maths, and the mother tongue. The reason for this is globalisation and the fact that to operate internationally people will need to be able to use a lingua franca. For the next twenty to thirty years at least, that language is likely to be English. That means that English will be a core communicative skill and will need to be taught early in the school curriculum. Many countries now introduce English at eight years old and many parents introduce their children to English at an even younger age, using "early advantage" programmes.

The second argument is globalization itself. You could say, "We are all internationalists now". We are or will be dealing with foreigners in our community, going abroad more, dealing at a distance with foreigners through outsourcing or email, phone and video-conferencing. And this isn't just for adults. Kids are interchanging experience and information through travel, keypal schemes and networks like Facebook. This is the time to develop the intercultural skills that will serve them in adult life.

Up until recently, I assumed that if you learned the language, you learned the culture but actually it isn't true. You can learn a lot of cultural features but it doesn't teach you sensitivity and awareness or even how to behave in certain situations. What the fifth language skill teaches you is the mindset and techniques to adapt your use of English to learn about, understand and appreciate the values, ways of doing things and unique qualities of other cultures. It involves understanding how to use language to accept difference, to be flexible and tolerant of ways of doing things which might be different to yours. It is an attitudinal change that is expressed through the use of language.

Express your point of view on the fifth language skill. What does it teach you? What is the role of the language?

14. Discussion

1. What is your first language? Can you speak a second language?

2. Do you work in a special field? Is English useful in your field? How is it useful?

3. According to the reading, English is useful in many special fields. What are some of these fields, in your opinion?

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132 Кб, 9 сентября 2017 в 21:03 - Россия, Ростов-на-Дону, ДГТУ (бывш. РИСХМ), 2017 г., docx
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