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Студенческий документ № 025497 из ИМЭ

St. Petersburg

Monakova Inna PRIMA 102

History St-Peterburg is stillless then 300 years old: the age of the city on the Neva delta is

calculated from 27 May (16 May old-style) 1703 the day when the foundation of a

new Russian fortress were laid on little Hare Island, intended to protect the territory

around the Neva that had been won from the Swedesin the Northern War.

The citadel was named (in Dutch style) Sankt Pieterburgh (Saint Peter's City).

St. Petersburg has played an exceptional role in the life of Russia.

It is the second largest city in our country. St. Petersburg is the most northern

capital in the world. It is on the latitude as Greenland, Alaska an Chukotka.

This explains the white nights which are most clearly visible between 11 June

and 2 July. The city is rather young. The founder of St. Petersburg is Peter the

Great, who laid the first stone of the Peter and Paul Fortress in 1703 on Hare

island thus starting a new city. In 1712 it became the capital of Russia the

centre of its political and cultural life.

The first fortress appeared on the banks of the Neva, where St.

Petersburg was subsequently established, 700 years ago. Since the

city is situated on the banks of a 41 island, it has hundreds of

kilometers of quays and more than 300 bridges.Many quays were

built not only as banks fortifications, but also as the architectural

element of the space and expanse.

The Neva River The Neva has provided Russia with an access to the Baltic Sea

since ancient time; it was from here that the celebrated water

route "from the Vikings to the Greeks" started. The lands around

the river were the focus for close cooperation, and at the same

time military confrontation, between Novgorod the Great and

Sweden. Attractions

You will visit the Summer Garden

with it's beautiful sculptures - the

beloved child of Peter the First.

Alexander garden with Admiralty

Tower and the Copper Horseman,

the Park of the Stone Island and

Kirova Park. Walking along the

paths of the parks and public

gardens,admiring the well-known

railing of the Summer Garden as

well as the railings and lampposts

of the other parks and gardens,

you'll feel all of them being an

integral part of the city.

You'll enjoy the Big Peterhoffs Palace, planned by F. Rastrelly, the

Palace Mon-plaisir (the first Painting Gallery in Russia), the Big

Stone Green-house, Marly Palace and the most remarkable here -

a great number of fountains, different in form and decor, striking

by their beauty, elegance and, sometimes even by their

unpredictable conduct-Coming to SaintPetersburg, you ought to

visit this place!

The Yekaterininsky (Catherine's) Palace in Tsarskoye Selo

(Pushkin), which once used to belong to Peter the Great's wife

Catherine, was now turned into a magnificent royal residence with a vast and elaborate Baroque garden.

The most famous place which everybody wishes to see is the

Hermitage. It's a huge museum, which houses more than 3

million art items, and is situated in the building of Winter Palace.

The first person who started collecting paintings and sculptures

of famous European artists was the Empress Catherine II.

Mariinsky theater (for a time called the Kirov theater)

was built along with a number of palaces for Grand

Dukes, the Liteiny bridge (where the first street lights

in the city were installed ) and monuments to

Catherine the Great, Nicholas I and the poet Alexander

Pushkin. Meanwhile, St. Petersburg was

becoming a capitalist city. The

number of factories and plants

(both Russian and foreign)

grew quickly, while Nevsky

Prospect and downtown streets

were filled with banks and

company offices. By the 1890s

construction was booming and

new multi-storey apartment

buildings were mushrooming

all over the city.

Thank you for attention!

Показать полностью… https://vk.com/doc20791030_350629576
2 Мб, 16 декабря 2014 в 17:22 - Россия, Москва, ИМЭ, 2014 г., ppt
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