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Студенческий документ № 043125 из НИТУ МИСиС

Direct and Indirect Object

In a sentence, the subject and verb may be followed by an object.

An object is a noun or pronoun that gives meaning to the subject and verb of the sentence. Not all sentences contain objects, but some may contain one or more.

There are two kinds of objects within a sentence: direct and indirect objects.

A direct object is a noun or pronoun that receives the action of a verb.

e.g. Daniel fixes computers (direct object)

Sometimes a direct object is followed by an indirect object. An indirect object is the noun or pronoun for which the action is done.

e.g. Daniel fixes computers for his family (indirect object)

The indirect object is more frequently used with prepositions (for his family) --> If an indirect object goes with a preposition - it is called a prepositional phrase.

There are several general rules of object order in the sentence.

Object order

In English there are two typical constructions of object usage:

1) Without preposition.

Verb + Indirect object + Direct object

2) With preposition.

Verb + Direct object + Prepositional phrase

*Preposition FOR we use with the following verbs:

build, buy, call, choose, cook, do, find, get, keep, leave, make, save.

The verbs which are frequently used with two objects:

Глагол Перевод Глагол Перевод Глагол Перевод Глагол Перевод bring приносить get доставать owe быть должным send отправлять build строить give давать pass передавать show показывать buy покупать hand передавать pay платить take брать call вызывать keep сохранять post отправлять talk говорить choose выбирать leave оставлять promise обещать teach учить cook готовить lend одалживать read читать tell говорить do делать make делать save сохранять throw бросать find находить offer предлагать sell продавать write писать

In case if both objects are expressed by two pronouns (usually possessive - it/them), the prepositional phrase should be used. (2nd type)

e.g. I need your pen. Can you lend it to me (Неправильно: lend me it)

In case if one of the pronouns is not possessive, but indefinite (some, any, one) or demonstrative (this, that) - the prepositional phrase is not obligatory. (1st type)

e.g He needs money. Give him some (= Give some to him)

Exceptions I. The following verbs are only used with the 1st construction

(Verb + Indirect Object + Direct Object):

Глагол Перевод Глагол Перевод ask спрашивать cost стоить allow позволять refuse отказывать charge назначать wish желать

II. The following verbs are only used with the 2nd construction

(Verb + Direct Object + prepositional phrase (to + Indirect Object)):

Глагол Перевод Глагол Перевод carry носить prove доказывать describe описывать repeat повторять explain объяснять report сообщать introduce представлять say говорить mention упоминать suggest предлагать

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39 Кб, 27 апреля 2014 в 23:31 - Россия, Москва, НИТУ МИСиС, 2014 г., docx
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