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Студенческий документ № 091369 из МЭГУ

Таблиці часів англійської мови.

The Present Indefinite Tense.

Tense Key words Form Examples (+) Examples (-) Examples (?) PresentIndefinite/ Simple every daysometimes

always often usually

seldom

first...then regularly Infinitive +he/she/it+-s (-es) I work.

Sheworks. They go.

He goes. I do notwork.

She doesnot work.

(don't, doesn't) Do Iwork?

Does shework? Do theygo?

Does hego? Допоміжне дієслово: to do.

Вживання:

* Постійна дія

* Повторювана дія

* Послідовна дія

* Загальні речі, факти

* Після дієслів - to hate, to love, to think etc.

* Майбутня дія - розклади руху, програми.

The Past Indefinite Tense

Tense Key words Form Examples (+) Examples (-) Examples (?) Past Indefinite/

Simple yesterday

the day before

last week a year ago

in 1995 regular verb:

Infinitive + -ed

irregular verb:2nd column of table of irregular verbs I worked.

Sheworked. He went. I did notwork.

She did not work.

He did notgo. (didn't) Did Iwork?

Did shework? Did he go? Допоміжне дієслово: to do (did)

Вживання:

* Дія, що відбувалась чи відбулась у минулому і не пов'язана з теперішнім.

The Future Indefinite Tense

Tense Key words Form Examples (+) Examples (-) Examples (?) Future Indefinite/

Simple tomorrow next week

in a year soon shall, will+ Infinitive I'll work.

She'llwork. I shall notwork.

She will not work.

(shan't, won't) Shall Iwork?

Will shework? Допоміжні дієслова: shall, will.

Вживання:

* Майбутня дія.

* Передбачення, що щось відбудеться.

The Present Continuous/Progressive Tense

Tense Key words Form Examples (+) Examples (-) Examples (?) Present Continuous/Progressive nowat the moment

Look!

Listen! to be(am, is, are) + Infinitive+ ing I amworking.Sheis working. I am notworking.Sheis notworking.(I'm not, isn't, aren't) Am Iworking?Issheworking? Допоміжне дієслово: to be (am, is, are).

Вживання:

* Дія відбувається в момент мовлення

* Майбутня дія, що відбудеться у визначений, спланований, домовлений час.

The Past Continuous Tense.

Tense Key words Form Examples (+) Examples (-) Examples (?) Past Continuous/Progressive all day long

all the time the whole morning

from 2 to 5 while was/were+

Infinitive+ing I wasworking.

She wasworking. They weregoing. I was notworking.

She was notworking.

They werenot going.

(wasn't, weren't) Was Iworking?

Was sheworking? Were theygoing? Допоміжне дієслово: to be (was, were)

Вживання:

* Дія відбувалась (тривала) в певний момент чи період часу в минулому.

The Future Continuous Tense

Tense Key words Form Examples (+) Examples (-) Examples (?) FutureContinuous/ Progressive all day long

the whole morning

from 2 to 5 + tomorrow,

in a year... shall/will +be +Infinitive+ing. I shall beworking.

She will beworking. I shall not beworking.

She will not beworking. Shall I beworking?

Will shebeworking? Допоміжне дієслово: to be (shall be, will be).

Вживання:

* Дія відбуватиметься в момент чи період часу у майбутньому.

NB: Дієслова, що виражають відчуття та сприйняття, не вживаються в часах групи Continuous: to see, to hear, to believe, to know, to recognize, to understand, to fear, to love, to like, to hate, to prefer, to deserve, to contain, to seem, to resemble, to belong, to feel.

Тhe Present Perfect Tense

Tense Key words Form Examples (+) Examples (-) Examples (?) PresentPerfect justyet

never ever already

so far up to now

since recently today

this week have/has + regular verb:

Infinitive +-ed irregular verb:

3rd column of table of irregular verbs) I haveworked.

She hasworked. He hasgone. I have notworked.

She has notworked.

He has notgone. (hasn't) Have Iworked?

Has sheworked? Has hegone? Допоміжне дієслово: to have

Вживання:

* Дія відбулась до моменту мовлення і важливий результат цієї дії.

The Past Perfect Tense

Tense Key words Form Examples (+) Examples (-) Examples (?) PastPerfect neveralready

by 2 o'clock by September

after... before... had +regular verb:

Infinitive+-ed

irregular verb:3rd column of table of irregular verbs) I hadworked.

She hadworked. He hadgone. I had notworked.

She had notworked.

He had notgone.(hadn't) Had Iworked?

Had sheworked? Had hegone? Допоміжне дієслово: to have (had)

Вживання:

* Дія, що закінчилася до певного моменту в минулому.

The Future Perfect Tense

Tense Key words Form Examples (+) Examples (-) Examples (?) Future Perfect by 2 o'clock tomorrow. shall/will + have +regular verb:

Infinitive +-ed irregular verb:

3rd column of table of irregular verbs) I shallhaveworked.

She willhaveworked.

He willhave gone. I shall not haveworked.

She will not haveworked.

He will not have gone. Shall Ihaveworked?

Will shehaveworked?

Will hehave gone? Допоміжне дієслово: to have (shall have, will have)

Вживання:

* Дія, що закінчиться до певного моменту або до початку іншої дії в майбутньому.

The Present Perfect Continuous

Tense Key words Form Examples (+) Examples (-) Examples (?) PresentPerfectContinuous/ Progressive for two hours

for one month for a long time

since 5 o'clock the whole day

how long have/has + been+Infinitive+ ing I have beenworking.

She has beenworking.

He has beengoing. I have notbeenworking.

She has not beenworking.

He has not beengoing. Have Ibeenworking?

Has shebeenworking?

Has hebeengoing? Допоміжне дієслово: to be (have been, has been)

Вживання:

* Дія, що тривала протягом певного часу до моменту мовлення.

The Past Perfect Continuous

Tense Key words Form Examples (+) Examples (-) Examples (?) Past PerfectContinuous/Progressive for two hours

for one month for a long time

since 5 o'clock the whole day

how long had + been+Infinitive+ing I had beenworking.

She had beenworking.

He had beengoing. I had not beenworking.

She had not beenworking.

He had not beengoing. Had I beenworking?

Had shebeenworking?

Had hebeengoing? Допоміжне дієслово: to be (had been)

Вживання:

* Тривала дія, яка почалась до якогось моменту в минулому і продовжувалась в цей момент або закінчилась безпосередньо перед ним.

The Future Perfect Continuous

Tense Key words Form Examples (+) Examples (-) Examples (?) FuturePerfectContinuous/Progressive for 5 years

for a long time since 5 o'clock

the whole day how long shall/will+ have +been+Infinitive+ ing I shall have beenworking.

She will have beenworking.

He will have beengoing. I shall not have beenworking.

She will not have beenworking.

He will not have beengoing. Shall Ihave beenworking?

Will shehave beenworking?

Will hehave beengoing? В розмовній мові цей час вживається дуже рідко.

Допоміжне дієслово: to be (shall have been, will have been)

Вживання:

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135 Кб, 20 ноября 2013 в 21:48 - Россия, Москва, МЭГУ, 2013 г., doc
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